Think Spring! Best Crabapples for your yard.

December 23, 2011 at 10:12 AM Leave a comment

Best Crabapples for Your Yard

From the Better Homes and Gardens Web site:  http://www.bhg.com/bhg/templates/slideshow/print/member/printableSlideShowAll.jsp?slideid=/templatedata/bhg/slideshow/data/1301668315450.xml&printAll=true&page=17

Crabapple trees are famous for their colorful, fragrant springtime blooms. Use this guide to help you select one that’s right for your landscape.
Adams crabapple bloomsAdamsAdams flowering crab begins the season with semidouble deep pink blooms. Leaves emerge with a reddish tint but mature to green by summer. The foliage may develop good orange-red fall color. The tree produces 1/2- to 3/4-inch diameter glossy red fruits with blood-red pulp. Fruits hang on the tree into winter and attract birds.

Name: Malus ‘Adams’

Form: Broadly rounded to pyramidal

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Adams crabapple tree in bloomAdamsYoung Adams crabapple trees are pyramidal, but they become rounded with age. This variety has good resistance to the major diseases that can affect crabapples — apple scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust. Adams was listed as one of the 10 best crabapples in the National Crabapple Evaluations done by noted expert Tom Green.

Name: Malus ‘Adams’

Form: Broadly rounded to pyramidal

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4?8

Adirondack crabapple fruitsAdirondackDeep pink buds of Adirondack open to nearly pure white flowers, which develop into 1/2-inch diameter orange-red fruits that persist into early winter. Fruits are borne in abundance, but singly rather than in clusters like most crabapple varieties. Leaves are medium green through most of the year, turning mottled yellow and green in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Adirondack’

Form: Narrow, upright oval

Size: 12-20 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Adirondack crabapple tree in bloomAdirondackThe relatively upright form of Adirondack makes it a great choice for small, narrow spaces in the landscape, as a hedge or an espalier. The tree has excellent resistance to apple scab, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust, and good resistance to fire blight. Horticulture professor Michael Dirr, Ph. D., names it as one of his top 12 crabapple varieties. Grow it in full sun in moist, well-drained soil.

Name: Malus ‘Adirondack’

Form: Narrow, upright oval

Size: 12-20 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Anne E crabapple bloomsAnne EAnne E flowering crabapple is sometimes listed as Anne or Manbeck Weeper. It has rosy pink flower buds that open to nearly white blooms. It develops 1/2-inch diameter bright red fruits that remain on the tree into winter. Foliage changes from medium green to yellow in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Manbeck Weeper’

Form: Spreading weeper

Size: 10-12 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Anne E crabapple tree in bloomAnne EThe broadly arching form of Anne E crabapple gives it the appearance of a weeping tree, but its branches spread more horizontally than true weepers. These spreading branches may crisscross one another and require occasional thinning. The tree has excellent resistance to apple scab, fire blight, and powdery mildew.

Name: Malus ‘Manbeck Weeper’

Form: Spreading weeper

Size: 10-12 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Brandywine crabapple bloomsBrandywineThe double rosy-pink blooms of Brandywine crabapple look like clusters of roses on the tree. They develop into 1-inch diameter yellow-green fruits, which attract birds. Fruits tend to drop, so harvest them and use them for making jelly to prevent messy cleanup. Leaves of Brandywine are green with a wine-red cast; fall hues are a blend of yellow and orange.

Name: Malus ‘Branzam’

Form: Broad, rounded

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Brandywine crabapple tree in bloomBrandywineOften broader than tall, Brandywine trees are rounded in form. This variety has good resistance to fire blight and powdery mildew, but it’s moderately susceptible to scab and highly susceptible to cedar-apple rust. In scab-prone areas, you may have to spray the tree with fungicides to prevent it from losing all of its foliage.

Name: Malus ‘Branzam’

Form: Broad, rounded

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Callaway crabapple fruitsCallawayThe large red fruits (1- to 1-1/2-inch diameter) of the Callaway crabapple are good for making jelly as well as attracting birds to the garden. The tree blooms in spring with single white fragrant flowers. Leaves are green, turning shades of yellow, orange, and red in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Callaway’

Form: Oval, rounded

Size: 15-25 feet tall and 12-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Callaway crabapple tree in bloomCallawayThis variety was selected at Callaway Gardens in Georgia for its superior performance there. It is one of the best crabapples for Southern areas because it has a low-chill requirement for flowering and fruiting. It also has excellent resistance to scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust, even through hot, humid summer conditions. The rounded tree form is usually slighter taller than wide. Horticulture professor Michael Dirr, Ph.D., names it as one of his top 12 crabapples.

Name: Malus ‘Callaway’

Form: Oval, rounded

Size: 15-25 feet tall and 12-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Cardinal crabapple bloomsCardinalCardinal is named for its deep red fruits, which develop from rosy-red blooms. The tree has purple-red foliage that turns mottled orange and red in fall. The 1/2-inch diameter fruits persist on the branches and attract birds.

Name: Malus ‘Cardinal’

Form: Upright spreading

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Cardinal crabapple tree in bloomCardinalAn upright spreading tree that will grow at least as wide as it is tall, Cardinal crabapple is sometimes listed as M. hupehensis ‘Cardinal’. Cardinal appreciates full sun and moist, well-drained soil. It has excellent resistance to all the major crabapple diseases — apple scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust.

Name: Malus ‘Cardinal’

Form: Upright spreading

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Centurion crabapple bloomsCenturionThe deep rosy-red blooms of Centurion crabapple are followed by red fruits 1/2 to 5/8 inch in diameter. The fruits attract birds but tend to drop from the tree before winter arrives. Leaves emerge reddish green and maintain bronze tinges throughout the growing season. Fall foliage color is yellow-orange.

Name: Malus ‘Centzam’

Form: Upright columnar when young, broad oval with age

Size: 20-25 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-7

Centurion crabapple tree in bloomCenturionCenturion crabapple is strongly upright to columnar when young, but as it matures it develops a rounded, oval form. Like most other crabapple varieties, it needs full sun and moist, well-drained soil. Centurion does not perform well in Zone 8 or warmer, although it has good resistance to apple scab and excellent resistance to fire blight, cedar-apple rust, and powdery mildew.

Name: Malus ‘Centzam’

Form: Upright columnar when young, broad oval with age

Size: 20-25 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-7

Cinderella crabapple bloomsCinderellaCinderella crabapple is a compact plant with densely packed white blooms in spring. Fruits are golden yellow and 1/4 inch in diameter. They persist into fall but may drop when winter arrives, if birds haven’t devoured them first. Foliage on Cinderella trees is medium green, becoming yellow in autumn.

Name: Malus ‘Cinzam’

Form: Oval, dwarf

Size: 6-8 feet tall and 5-6 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Cinderella crabapple tree in bloomCinderellaIf you want a crabapple tree but think your yard doesn’t have room for one, take another look at Cinderella. This tiny tree fits almost any landscape, or even container gardens. It has good resistance to apple scab and excellent resistance to fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust.

Name: Malus ‘Cinzam’

Form: Oval, dwarf

Size: 6-8 feet tall and 5-6 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Donald Wyman crabapple bloomsDonald WymanDonald Wyman crabapple has a prominent place in the Better Homes and Gardens Test Garden, where several shade the central patio seating area. In spring its fragrant white blooms perfume the air. Later, 3/8-inch diameter red fruits adorn the tree. The green leaves develop amber-yellow fall color.

Name: Malus ‘Donald Wyman’

Form: Rounded

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-22 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Donald Wyman crabapple tree in bloomDonald WymanNamed for former American Horticultural Society president and longtime horticulturist at Arnold Arboretum where the tree was found, Donald Wyman crabapple has been a favorite variety for four decades. In 1989, it won a Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. It appears on the top 10 list of most disease-resistant crabapples and horticulture professor Michael Dirr’s top 12 list. It has good resistance to scab, fire blight, cedar-apple rust, and powdery mildew on a rounded tree that is slightly wider than tall.

Name: Malus ‘Donald Wyman’

Form: Rounded

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-22 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Ellen Gerhart crabapple bloomsEllen GerhartDeep pink buds on Ellen Gerhart crabapple open to pale pink flowers, which may be single or semidouble. The 3/8-inch diameter bright red fruits develop a characteristic rusty scar at the calyx (end opposite the fruit stem). Birds like the fruits, which remain on the tree into winter. The tree has green leaves that turn yellow-green in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Ellen Gerhart’

Form: Upright spreader

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Ellen Gerhart crabapple tree in bloomEllen GerhartEllen Gerhart crabapple develops a spreading V-shape branching pattern. It has good resistance to fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust, but it’s very susceptible to apple scab. If scab is prevalent in your area, avoid planting it or be prepared to spray fungicides regularly to control the disease.

Name: Malus ‘Ellen Gerhart’

Form: Upright spreader

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Golden Hornet crabapple fruitsGolden HornetGolden Hornet develops 1-inch diameter greenish-yellow fruits that hang on the tree well into fall. The relatively large fruits attract birds and may be used for making jelly. Flowers are pale pink to white. The tree has medium green leaves that turn yellow in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Golden Hornet’

Form: Upright spreader

Size: 15-30 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Golden Hornet crabapple tree in bloomGolden HornetExtremely popular in the United Kingdom, Golden Hornet is a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit winner. It is much less common in North America. It is sometimes listed as Malus x zumi ‘Golden Hornet’. This upright spreader serves as a good pollinator for large-fruited apple trees. It is apple scab resistant but may suffer from fire blight.

Name: Malus ‘Golden Hornet’

Form: Upright spreader

Size: 15-30 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Harvest Gold crabapple bloomsHarvest GoldHarvest Gold is a late-flowering crabapple with pink buds that open to single white blooms. Often considered the best gold-fruited crabapple, it develops 1/2-inch diameter bright yellow fruits that persist into winter. Medium green foliage turns clear yellow in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Hargozam’

Form: Upright oval

Size: 20-25 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 3-8

Harvest Gold crabapple tree in bloomHarvest GoldThe upright oval to vase shape of Harvest Gold crabapple makes the tree a good small shade tree as well as a flowering and fruiting ornamental. It has good resistance to all four major crabapple diseases — fire blight, apple scab, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust. Horticulture professor Michael Dirr, Ph.D., calls Harvest Gold one of his top 12 crabapple varieties.

Name: Malus ‘Hargozam’

Form: Upright oval

Size: 20-25 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide

Zones: 3-8

Indian Magic crabapple fruitsIndian MagicThe 5/8-inch-diameter fruits of Indian Magic crabapple turn bright red by late summer and hang on the tree into winter. After fall freezes, the fruits turn red-orange and entice birds to feed. Fall foliage color is also reddish orange. In spring, the leaves unfold purplish red, but they turn solid green by summer. Blossoms are deep, rosy pink.

Name: Malus ‘Indian Magic’

Form: Rounded to semiweeping

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Indian Magic crabapple tree in bloomIndian MagicThe horizontally spreading branches of Indian Magic give the tree a rounded form that can appear semiweeping when heavily laden with fruit. The tree is resistant to fire blight and powdery mildew. Scab resistance varies depending on location, and cedar-apple rust can be problematic.

Name: Malus ‘Indian Magic’

Form: Rounded to semiweeping

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Lancelot crabapple bloomsLancelotThe pure white blooms of Lancelot crabapple are a fragrant addition to the spring garden. The flowers become clusters of 3/8-inch-diameter golden fruits that persist well into late winter. The compact tree develops medium green leaves, which turn gold in fall.

Name: Malus ‘Lanzam’

Form: Oval

Size: 8-10 feet tall and 8 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Lancelot crabapple tree in bloomLancelotLancelot is a great crabapple for small-space gardens because it remains under 10 feet tall and has a similar spread. Its compact branching habit gives it a neatly rounded to oval form. Lancelot has good to excellent resistance to scab, cedar-apple rust, and powdery mildew, and fair resistance to fire blight.

Name: Malus ‘Lanzam’

Form: Oval

Size: 8-10 feet tall and 8 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Louisa crabapple bloomsLouisaClusters of delicate clear pink blooms cover the arching branches of Louisa crabapple in spring. Amber-yellow pea-size fruits mature in fall and hang on into winter. Foliage is glossy dark green, turning yellow in autumn.

Name: Malus ‘Louisa’

Form: Spreading to weeping

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Louisa crabapple tree in bloomLouisaThe spreading, weeping form of Louisa crabapple gives the tree a graceful appearance. If left unpruned, branches will drape all the way to the ground. The tree has excellent scab resistance and good resistance to fire blight, cedar-apple rust, and powdery mildew. It is one of two crabapple varieties planted in the Better Homes and Gardens Test Garden.

Name: Malus ‘Louisa’

Form: Spreading to weeping

Size: 15-20 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Madonna crabapple bloomsMadonnaThe pure white semidouble blooms of Madonna are long lasting. Blossoms are followed by bronze foliage that matures to green and turns yellow-orange in fall. The 1/2-inch diameter fruits are gold with splashes of red.

Name: Malus ‘Mazam’

Form: Upright

Size: 15-18 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

Madonna crabapple tree in bloomMadonnaMadonna needs no pruning to maintain its compact, upright form. Foliage remains unblemished because the tree has good resistance to scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar-apple rust.

Name: Malus ‘Mazam’

Form: Upright

Size: 15-18 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide

Zones: 4-8

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Entry filed under: Green Information.

Don’t forget our feathered friends this winter! Merry Christmas Cactus to you!

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